Resolving Family Disputes through Arbitration

Family Arbitration
March 24, 2023 Admin 6 Comments

Family arbitration is a process of dispute resolution in which a neutral third party, known as an arbitrator, is appointed to make a binding decision on the issues in a family law dispute. It is a popular alternative to court proceedings in the UK, offering a faster, more flexible, and often more cost-effective way of resolving family law disputes. This approach allows parties to avoid the uncertainty and stress associated with court litigation, while maintaining control over the outcome of their dispute. In this article, we will explore the key features of family arbitration in the context of UK family law, including the process, benefits, and legal framework. Seeking the guidance of a family law solicitor is crucial to fully grasp the nuances of family arbitration and ensure compliance with the relevant legal principles.


In the context of UK family law, family arbitration is a process by which disputes arising from family breakdowns are resolved by an independent third party known as a family arbitrator. Family arbitration is an alternative to court proceedings and allows parties to have more control over the outcome of their dispute. It is a confidential and flexible process that is designed to be less adversarial than going to court.

The importance of family arbitration in UK family law cannot be overstated. It provides an efficient and cost-effective way to resolve disputes, especially those relating to financial matters and property division, without having to go to court. The benefits of family arbitration over court proceedings include flexibility, confidentiality, and the ability to choose an arbitrator with expertise in the specific issue in dispute. The role of family arbitrators in the process is to provide a fair and impartial decision that is binding on the parties.

Preparing for Family Arbitration

When it comes to resolving family disputes, arbitration is one alternative to consider instead of going through the traditional court process. Family arbitration involves a third-party neutral, called a family arbitrator, who makes a binding decision on a dispute between two or more parties. It is important to prepare adequately for family arbitration to maximize the chances of a successful outcome. This section will expand on some essential steps to take in preparing for family arbitration, including:

  • Exploring the benefits and drawbacks of family arbitration: Before deciding to pursue family arbitration, it is essential to understand the benefits and potential drawbacks of the process. Some benefits of family arbitration include greater privacy, flexibility, and efficiency compared to court proceedings. However, it may not be suitable for all disputes, and there may be some disadvantages, such as the cost of the process and the potential for limited appeal rights.
  • Identifying the right time for family arbitration: Family arbitration can be initiated at any time during a family dispute, but it may be most effective when parties have already made some progress towards an agreement, but a few key issues remain unresolved.
  • Choosing a qualified and experienced family arbitrator: Selecting a qualified and experienced family arbitrator is critical to the success of the arbitration process. It is essential to research potential arbitrators thoroughly and select one who has the necessary training, qualifications, and experience in family law and dispute resolution.
  • Understanding the costs and funding options available for family arbitration: The cost of family arbitration can vary widely depending on the complexity of the dispute and the arbitrator’s fees. It is important to understand the costs upfront and explore funding options, such as legal aid or third-party financing, to help cover the expenses.

The Family Arbitration Process

Family arbitration is a dispute resolution process where an independent and impartial third-party arbitrator is appointed to make a binding decision on issues related to family law. The family arbitration process can be broken down into the following steps:

  1. The initial consultation and screening process: The parties involved in the dispute will first meet with the arbitrator for an initial consultation. The arbitrator will explain the arbitration process, determine if arbitration is appropriate for the case, and screen the parties to ensure they are suitable for arbitration.
  2. Identifying the key issues to be resolved through family arbitration: The parties will identify the issues they need to resolve and agree on the scope of the arbitration. This may include issues related to child custody, financial settlements, property division, and spousal support.
  3. Presenting evidence and arguments to the arbitrator: Each party will present their evidence and arguments to the arbitrator. This may include witness testimony, documents, and expert reports.
  4. The role of the family arbitrator in facilitating negotiations and discussions: The arbitrator will facilitate negotiations and discussions between the parties, with the goal of helping the parties reach an agreement.
  5. Receiving the arbitrator’s decision and drafting a binding agreement: Once the parties have presented their evidence and arguments, the arbitrator will make a decision. This decision will be binding on the parties and will be enforced in the same way as a court order. The parties will then draft a binding agreement based on the arbitrator’s decision.

Family arbitration is a flexible process that can be tailored to suit the needs of the parties involved. It can be conducted in-person or online, and can be completed much faster than traditional court proceedings.

Key Issues Addressed in Family Arbitration

In family arbitration, a neutral third party is appointed to resolve disputes between parties in a private and confidential setting. Family arbitration can address a range of issues that arise in the context of family law, including:

  1. Child custody and arrangements: Family arbitrators can help parents reach agreements on where children will live, how they will be cared for, and how important decisions regarding their upbringing will be made. The arbitrator will consider the best interests of the child when making decisions.
  2. Financial settlements, including property and asset division: Family arbitration can be used to resolve disputes over property and asset division, including the family home, investments, and other assets. The arbitrator can make decisions on how these assets will be divided between the parties.
  3. Spousal support and maintenance payments: Family arbitrators can also help parties reach agreements on spousal support and maintenance payments. This may include determining the amount of support to be paid, the duration of the support, and any other terms related to spousal maintenance.
  4. Division of pensions and other retirement assets: Family arbitration can also be used to resolve disputes over the division of pensions and other retirement assets.
  5. Dealing with debts and liabilities: Family arbitrators can help parties resolve disputes over debts and liabilities, including credit card debt, mortgages, and other financial obligations.

Overall, family arbitration provides a flexible and cost-effective alternative to court proceedings for resolving family law disputes. By addressing these key issues, family arbitration can help parties reach fair and equitable outcomes in a private and confidential setting.

Legal Framework for Family Arbitration in UK Family Law

Family arbitration is governed by various statutes and regulations in the UK. Below are some of the key legal frameworks that apply to family arbitration:

  1. The Arbitration Act 1996: This act is the main legislation that governs all arbitration proceedings in the UK, including family arbitration. The Act outlines the legal requirements for the validity of an arbitration agreement, the appointment of arbitrators, the conduct of arbitration proceedings, and the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards.
  2. The Family Procedure Rules 2010: This legislation sets out the procedural rules and requirements for family arbitration in England and Wales. The rules cover matters such as the appointment of the arbitrator, the conduct of proceedings, the availability of legal representation, the powers of the arbitrator, and the enforcement of arbitral awards.
  3. The Children and Families Act 2014: This act introduced a legal framework for the use of family arbitration to resolve disputes relating to the welfare of children. It establishes certain requirements that must be met before a family arbitration award can be made binding, including the requirement that the best interests of the child must be the paramount consideration.

Overall, family arbitration is a legally binding process that is governed by strict rules and regulations. Parties can rely on the arbitrator’s decision as a final and binding resolution to their family law dispute, subject to limited grounds for appeal.


In conclusion, family arbitration is an increasingly popular alternative to court proceedings in UK family law. It offers a range of benefits, including greater flexibility, confidentiality, and the ability to choose an arbitrator with specialised expertise. While it may not be appropriate for all cases, family arbitration can be an effective way to resolve disputes related to child custody, financial settlements, and other key issues. As the legal framework for family arbitration continues to evolve, it is important for those considering this option to understand the process, the role of the arbitrator, and the legal requirements that apply. With careful preparation and the guidance of a qualified professional, family arbitration can provide a fair and efficient way to resolve complex family disputes.

*Disclaimer: This website copy is for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice.
For personalised legal advice tailored to your specific circumstances, book an initial consultation with our family law solicitors HERE.

6 People reacted on this

Leave a Reply:

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *